In the language in which I write and work, two constraints were invented. The first one concerns a flowering technique. From the core of a word, phrase, or sentence emerges the next layer of text, which develops the previous layer. One grows out from the other continuously. The second is the emanation technique, based on folding sentences, words, entire books, which allows the writer to hide huge areas of invisible text under the visible text. With a sheet of paper, the reader brings out these layers.

When I think about the definition of a book today, I am thinking of these two writing techniques, which in my opinion describe the transformation of the book as a medium. On the one hand, all its extensions, enrichment, or uses of other platforms often lead to flat and distracted reading (a characteristic of digital media); on the other, the book serves as a civilizational medium, exercising concentration, deep reading, stability. These movements (blooms and folds) also cause the medium to be constantly revived and refreshed.

—Piotr Marecki

Piotr Marecki is assistant professor at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków and lecturer at the Polish National Film, Television and Theater School in Łódź. Since 1999 he has been editor-in-chief of Ha!art Publishing House, which he co-founded. He is also the head of UBU lab. In 2013-14 he did a postdoc at Massachussets Institute of Technology at the Trope Tank lab. His recent collaborations include the conceptual book 2×6 with Nick Montfort, Serge Bouchardon, Andrew Campana, Natalia Fedorova, Carlos León and Aleksandra Małecka published by Les Figues Press and Robbo. Solucja the book designed and generated on pure Atari (with demosceners Wojciech Bocianu Bociański, Lisu, Piotr Kroll Mietniowski and Krzysztof Kaz Ziembik). Currently Piotr works on a ZX Spectrum monograph (together with Yerzmyey and Hellboj) and is based in Kraków, Poland.